(E. Morris: On the Sentence-Question in Plautus and Terence
. Baltimore, 1890.)
which Plautus (but seldom Terence) sometimes puts late in
the sentence, e.g. Curc. 17
“et heri cenavistine?
”, often plays the part
It is often omitted in colloquial Latin, e.g. rogas?
Abraham ‘Studia Plautina,’ p. 233); and since scribes had a habit
of ignoring a final n, it is often hard to tell whether e.g. novisti
was what Plautus wrote. Apparently vin
is appropriate to
the beginning, vis
to the middle of a sentence; and the same may
hold of novistin
etc. (but cf. Curc. 18
is not common in Plautus, but is undoubtedly in use, e.g.
“non loquor?, non vigilo? nonne hic homo modo me
” (For a full list of examples, see Schrader: de particularum
‘-ne,’ ‘anne,’ ‘nonne’ apud Plautum prosodia
1885, pp. 42 sqq.) It is only found before a word beginning with
a Vowel (i.e. it is never a disyllable in Prosody), while non
the line just quoted) takes its place before an initial consonant.
But we are not justified in writing non
in these cases as ‘nonn’
tun, egon, hicin,
etc.), for non
is often found before an initial vowel.
The relation of nonne
is precisely that of anne
vowel only) to an
(before initial cons. or vow., e.g. ăn est)1
form enlarged by the addition of -ne
pleased the ear of Plautus when
a vowel followed, but he did not choose to give it trochaic scansion
(cf. hisce, illisce
before vowel, his, illis
before consonant or vowel).
) and numnam,
apparently do not necessarily expect a Negative
answer, e.g. Bacch. 1110 Ter. Haut. 429
. Num non
the phrase num non vis
, Poen. 1079
existence of ‘numne’
(see Lease, Classical Review, xi, 348) in the
Dramatists' Latin is doubtful. Numquid aliud me vis?,
shortened to numquid me vis?
or numquid vis?
or numquid aliud?
was the formula of polite leave-taking (cf. Donatus' note on Ter.
Eun. II. iii. 50
: “recte abituri, ne id dure facerent, ‘numquid vis?’
dicebant iis quibuscum constitissent
does not necessarily express an alternative question in Old Latin
e.g. Pseud. 309
“A. te vivum vellem. B. eho! an iam mortuust?
But the alternative use is also frequent, e.g.
The Neuter of ecquis
often plays the part of an Interrogative Conjunction
in Plautus, e.g. ecquid audis?
And the same is true of
-- e.g. Trin. 925
similar words. We may add ēn
of en umquam,
e.g. Trin. 589
“o pater, enumquam aspiciam te?
” (see below, IX
). On the Indirect
Interrogatives utrum, necne, annon,