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ἵππος : horse or mare; ἄρσενες ἵπποι, ‘stallions,’ Od. 13.81 ; θήλεες ἵπποι, ἵπποι θήλειαι, Ε 269, Il. 11.681; the Homeric Greeks did not ride horseback, but employed chariots; hence ἵπποι, oftener ἵππω, span, chariot, alone or w. ἅρμα, Il. 12.120; freq. ἵπποισιν καὶ ὄχεσφιν, Il. 12.114, 119; ἐξ or ἀφ᾽ ἵππων ἀποβῆναι, Γ 265, Il. 5.13; of chariotmen as opposed to infantry, Od. 14.267, Il. 2.554, Il. 16.167, Il. 18.153.
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