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ι?στός (ἵστημι): anything that stands. —(1) mast, in the middle of the ship, held in place by the μεσόδμη, ἱστοπέδη, πρότονοι, ἐπίτονοι. During stay in port the mast was unstepped and laid back upon the ἱστοδόκη (cf. preceding cut, and Nos. 60, 84).—(2) weaver's beam, loom. The frame of the loom was not placed, as in modern handlooms, in a horizontal position, but stood upright, as appears in the cut, representing an ancient Egyptian loom. The threads of the warp hung perpendicularly down, and were drawn tight by weights at their lower ends. To set up the beam and so begin the web is (ἱστὸν) στήσασθαι. In weaving, the weaver passed from one side to the other before the loom (ἐποίχεσθαι), as he carried the shuttle (κανών), on which was wound the thread of the woof, through the warp, and then drove the woof home with a blow of the κερκίς.— (3) warp, and in general, web, woven stuff.

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