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ἔγχος , εος: spear, lance; used for both hurling and thrusting, and regarded as the most honorable weapon; the shaft, δόρυ, was of ash, about 7 ft. long; the upper end, καυλός, was fitted with a bronze socket, αὐλός, into which the point, ἀκωκή, αἰχμῄ, was inserted, Il. 16.802, being held fast by the πόρκης; the lower end, οὐρίαχος, was furnished with a ferule or spike, σαυρωτήρ, for sticking into the earth. The warrior usually carried two spears—for hurling, at a distance of about 12 paces, and for thrusting from above. Hector's spear was 16 ft. long, Il. 6.319. (See also σῦριγξ, and cut 19.)
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