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ἵστημι , ἱστᾶσι, imp. ἵστη, inf. ἱστάμεναι, ipf. iter. ἵστασκε, 3 pl. ἵστασαν, fut. inf. στήσειν, aor. 1 ἔστησα, στῆσα, aor. 2 ἔστην, στῆν, 3 pl. ἔστησαν, ἔσταν, στάν, iter. στάσκε, subj. στήῃς, στήῃ, 1 pl. στέωμεν, στείομεν, perf. ἕστηκα, du. ἕστατον, 2 pl. ἕστητε, 3 pl. ἑστᾶσι, subj. ἑστήκῃ, imp. ἕσταθι, ἕστατε, inf. ἑστάμεναι), part. ἑσταότος, etc., also ἑστεῶτα, etc., plup. 1 pl. ἕσταμεν.—Mid. (and pass.), ἵσταμαι, imp. ἵστασο, ipf. ἵστατο, fut. στήσομαι, aor. 1 στήσαντο, στήσασθαι, -σάμενος, aor. pass. ἐστάθη: I. trans. (pres., ipf., fut., and aor. 1 act.), set in place, set on foot, cause to stand, rise, or stop; of marshalling soldiers, στίχας, λα_όν, Β 525, Il. 6.433; causing clouds, waves, to rise, Od. 12.405, Il. 21.313; bringing horses to a standstill, ships to anchor, Il. 5.368, Od. 3.182; metaph., ‘excite,’ ‘rouse,’ battle, strife, Od. 11.314, Od. 16.292; weigh, Il. 19.247, Il. 22.350, Il. 24.232.— Mid. aor. 1 is causative, set up or set on foot for oneself, or something of one's own, κρητῆρα, ἱστόν, met., μάχην, Ζ 528, Il. 1.480, Od. 9.54.—II. intrans. (pass., fut. mid., aor. 2 and perf. and plup. act.), place oneself, come to a stand, rise, perf. and plup., stand; κῦμα ἵσταται, Il. 21.240; ὀφθαλμοὶ ὡσεὶ κέρα_ ἕστασαν, ‘were fixed,’ Od. 19.211 ; στῆ δ᾽ ὀρθός, ὀρθαὶ τρίχες ἔσταν, Il. 24.359; met., νεῖκος ἵσταται, ἕβδομος ἑστήκει μείς, ‘had set in,’ Il. 19.117 ; μὴν ἱστάμενος, ‘beginning of the month,’ Od. 14.162, Od. 19.307; of spring, Od. 19.519; aor. pass., δ᾽ ἐστάθη ἠύτε πέτρη, Od. 17.463.
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