previous next

420. Equivalents of the imperative.

Equivalents of the imperative are:

1. The Subjunctive. So necessarily in the first person, and regularly in the negatived second and third persons aorist. See 373 and 376.

2. The Future (familiar) and the Future Perfect Indicative. See 269 and 282.

3. “ὅπως” with the future indicative, for which see under “ὅπως”.

4. Optative with “ἄν”. See 443.

5. Infinitive (chiefly in poetry and legal language). See under Infinitive.

6. The Optative. See 394.

7. Impatient or Passionate Questions. See 198.261, and 269.

8. “δεῖ, χρή, ἄξιον, δέομαι ὑμῶν”, with the infinitive, and similar expressions, are often found as a more temperate or a more convenient imperative. See A. J. P. xiii (1892), 402 f., on avoidance of imper. in proems.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: