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110. Dual verb with plural subject.

The dual verb is used with the plural subject only when the dual notion is expressed or in some way suggested. Of the Attic orators only ANTIPHON, ANDOCIDES, LYSIAS, ISOCRATES, and ISAEUS use dual forms of the finite verb.1

ἐξ ἧς αὐτῷ ἐγιγνέσθην υἱεῖς δύο”, ISAE. 8.7; Of whom there were born to him—by whom he had issue—two sons.

ISAE. 8.7 (see above).

LYS.13.37:δύο δὲ τράπεζαι ἐν τῷ πρόσθεν τῶν τριάκοντα ἐκείσθην” , Two tables had been placed (= stood) in front of the Thirty.

PLATO, Rpb. 478A-B: “εἴπερ . . . δυνάμεις . . . ἀμφότεραί ἐστον”.

HOM. Il. 4.27: “καμέτην δέ μοι ἵπποι”. 9.198: “οἵ” (Aias and Odysseus) “μοι σκυζομένῳ περ Ἀχαιῶν φίλτατοί ἐστον”. 23.392-3. 417-8 = 446-7.

III. Even here the plural is the rule.

καὶ τὰς εἰσφορὰς εἰσενηνόχασιν ἀμφότεροι πάσας”, ISAE. 6.60. “δύο τρόποι τυγχάνουσιν ὄντες”, ISOC.7.46; (It so happens that) there are two methods.λοιποὶ δύο μῆνες ἦσαν”, ANT. 6.42; Two months were left.

DEM.23.75:πᾶσίν εἰσι πράγμασι . . . δύο προσθῆκαι”. 142: “ἐν δὴ Λαμψάκῳ τινὲς ἄνθρωποι γίγνονται δύο”. 180: “ἠδίκηντο . . . οἱ δύο τῶν βασιλέων”.

ISAE. 2.19: “δύο γάρ εἰσιν αὐτῇ”. 6.60 (see above).

ISOC.7.46(see above).

ANT. 6.42(see above).

1 For entire subject, see Hasse. Der Dualis im Attischen, Leinzig, 1803.

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