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3. For Pherenikos.

3. For Pherenikos.—This fragment is concerned with historical names. Plutarch1 mentions Pelopidas, Androkleidas, Pherenikos as the principal of the Thebans who fled to Athens when the Kadmea was seized by Phoebidas in 382 B.C. It appears that Androkleidas had died soon after their arrival, and that Pherenikos had taken possession of his property. He was sued for it by a rival claimant, probably also a Theban; and the present speech was made in his defence by an Athenian citizen, who had been hospitably received at Thebes by Kephisodotus, father of Pherenikos, in the exile of 404 B. C. Dionysios expressly says that the speech was made for Pherenikos as for a ξένος—which is against the improbable statement of Aristeides2 that the Athenian franchise had been given to the Theban exiles on this occasion. As the exiles were restored to Thebes in 379, this speech must belong to the year 381 or 380, and is therefore the latest known work of Lysias. Quoting a passage of the same kind from a lost oration of Isaeos3—in which the advocate explains the motives of gratitude which have prompted him to come forward—Dionysios compares it with this extract. In Isaeos, we hear the rhetorician; here it is the private friend who recounts in the simplest but most telling words the great services which Pherenikos and his father had rendered to the Athenian refugees.

1 Pelop. c. 5.

2 Panath. p. 300 c.

3 ὑπὲρ Εὐμάθους, εἰς ἐλευθερίαν ἀφαίρεσις. Dionys. de Isae. c. 6. On this and the two next Fragments, see vol II pp. 277 f., 365 f.

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