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Leading ideas of the Isokratic culture.

Here, then, we have hinted the leading ideas of the new culture which Isokrates was preparing to interpret: (1) it is to be practical—avoiding barren subtleties: (2) it is to be rational—resting on the development of the whole intelligence, not on technicalities; (3) it is to be comprehensive—not limited to any single professional routine.

To judge from the ages of the men who were his pupils, Isokrates must have been successful from the first. The outer history of his school falls into three periods: 1. from 392 to 378: 2. from 376 to 351: 3. from 350 to 338 B.C.

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