IV. Second Speech of the Defendant.
1. §§ 1—3. (Proem.) He is the victim of cruel malignity.
Though bound only to clear himself, it is demanded of him that he shall account for the crime.
2. §§ 4—5. Suppose that robbers did the murder, but were scared, before they had taken their booty, by people coming up. Would these persons, as it is contended, have remained to make inquiries? Coming on a bloody corpse and a dying man at dead of night, would they not rather have fled in terror from the spot?
3. § 6. Suppose that the deceased was slain because he had been witness of a crime:—the fact of such crime not having been heard of, does not prove that it did not take place.
4. § 7. The slave, with death from his wounds close at hand, had nothing to fear if he bore false testimony.
5. § 8. But the accused can prove a distinct alibi.
All his own slaves can testify that on the night in question— the night of the Diïpolia—he did not leave his own house.
[The assertion of the alibi
has been reserved till this point, because now the prosecutor cannot reply.]
6. § 9. It is suggested that he may have committed the crime to protect his wealth. But desperate deeds, such as this, are not done by prosperous men. They are more natural to men who have nothing to lose.
7. § 10. Even if he were the presumptive murderer, he would not have been proved the actual: but, as it is, the probabilities also are for him. On all grounds, therefore, he must be acquitted, or there is no more safety for any accused man.
8. §§ 11—12. (Epilogue.
) The judges are entreated not to condemn him wrongfully, and so leave the murder unatoned for, while they bring a new stain of bloodguiltiness on the State.