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Birth of Andokides.

THE life of Andokides has, in one broad aspect, a striking analogy to the life of Antiphon. Each man stands forth for a moment a conspicuous actor in one great scene, while the rest of his history is but dimly known; and each, at that moment, appears as an oligarch exposed to the suspicion and dislike of the democracy. The Revolution of the Four Hundred is the decisive and final event in the life of Antiphon. The mutilation of the Hermae is the first, but hardly less decisive event, in the known life of Andokides; the event which, for thirteen years afterwards, absolutely determined his fortunes, and which throws its shadow over all that is known of their sequel.

Andokides was born probably about 440 B.C.1 The deme Kydathene, of which he was a member, was included in the Pandionian tribe. His family was traced by Hellanikos the genealogist through Odysseus up to the god Hermes2, and had been known in Athenian history for at least three generations. Leogoras, his great grandfather, had fought against the Peisistratidae3. Andokides the elder, his grandfather, was one of ten envoys who negotiated the Thirty Years' Truce with Sparta in 4454; and had commanded with Perikles at Samos in 4405, and with Glaukon at Corcyra in 4356. Leogoras, father of the orator, was, to judge from Aristophanes, famous chiefly for his dinners and his pheasants7.

1 According to [Lys.] in Andok. § 46, he was in 399 B.C. πλέον τετταράκοντα ἔτη γεγονώς. He speaks of his ‘youthfulness’ in 415 B.C.: de Red. § 7. His father, Leogoras II., may have been born about 470: Andokides I. about 500: Leogoras I. about 540. The pseudo-Plutarch puts his birth in the archonship of Theagenides, Ol. 78. 1, 468 B.C.: probably on the assumption that the orator was the Andokides of Thuc. I. 51.

2 [Plut.] Vit. Andok. γένους Εὐπατριδῶν, ὡς δὲ Ἑλλάνικος, καὶ ἀπὸ Ἑρμοῦ: καθήκει γὰρ εἰς αὐτὸν τὸ Κηρύκων γένος. The pseudo-Plutarch seems to have inferred from the fact that the descent of Andokides was traced from Hermes, that he belonged to the priestly family of the Κήρυκες, who represented their ancestor Κῆρυξ as the son of Hermes (Paus. I. 38. 3). But Plutarch (Alkib. c. 21) tells us that Hellanikos traced Andokides up to Odysseus; the line from Hermes, then, was not through Kêryx, but through Autolykos, whose daughter Antikleia was mother of Odysseus.

3 Andok. de Myst. § 106. In de Red. § 26 Valckenar and Sauppe read τοῦ ἐμοῦ πατρὸς πάππος instead of τοῦ ἐμοῦ πατρὸς πρόπαππος.

4 Andok. de Pace § 6.

5 Schol. Aristid. III. 485, ap. Blass Att. Bereds. p. 270.

6 Thuc. I. 51.

7 Ar. Vesp. 1269: Nub. 109τοὺς φασιανοὺς οὓς τρέφει Λεωγόρας”. Athen. IX. p. 387 A κωμωδεῖται γὰρ Λεωγόρας ὡς γαστρίμαργος ὑπὸ Πλάτωνος ἐν Περιαλγεῖ. Besides his son Andokides, Leogoras had a daughter who married Kallias a son of Telekles: de Myst. § 117: cf. §§ 42, 50.

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