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Was Phaeax the author?

Taylor1 and others have ascribed the speech to Phaeax himself. Plutarch names Phaeax, Alkibiades and Nikias as the three men over whom ostracism was hanging at the same time; and quotes from a speech against Alkibiades, with which the name of Phaeax is connected, a story which appears (in a different form) in our speech2. Then it is known from Thucydides that Phaeax went on an embassy at least to Sicily and Italy3. Valckenär's and Ruhnken's4 arguments against Taylor are inconclusive. If the speech was really written at the time of which it treats, it cannot be disproved, any more than it can be proved, that Phaeax was the author.

1 Lect. Lysiac. c. VI.

2 Plut. Alk. c. 13 φέρεται δὲ καὶ λόγος τις κατ᾽ Ἀλκιβιάδου καὶ Φαίακος γεγραμμένος ἐν μετὰ τῶν ἄλλων γέγραπται καὶ ὅτι τῆς πόλεως πολλὰ πομπεῖα χρυσᾶ καὶ ἀργυρᾶ κεκτημένης Ἀλκιβιάδης ἐχρῆτο πᾶσιν αὐτοῖς ὥσπερ ἰδίοις πρὸς τὴν καθ᾽ ἡμέραν δίαιταν. For καὶ Φαίακος Taylor (l. c.) and Vater (Rerum Andocidearum cap. IV.) propose ὑπὸ Φαίακος: Blass (Att. Bereds. 330) ὑπὲρ Φαίακος. Blass thinks that, whoever the author of the speech was, the person meant to be defended was Phaeax; and that the ἀπολογία πρὸς Φαίακα in [Plut.] Vit. Andoc. may have come from an original ἀπολογία Φαίακι, i. e. ὑπὲρ Φαίακος.The story of the sacred vessels can hardly have been taken by Plutarch only from § 29 of the speech, where it runs:—τὰ πομπεῖα παρὰ τῶν ἀρχιθεωρῶν αἰτησάμενος ὡς εἰς τἀπινίκια τῇ προτεραίᾳ τῆς θυσίας χρησόμενος ἐξηπάτησε καὶ ἀποδοῦναι οὐκ ἤθελε.

3 Thuc. v. 4.

4 Ruhnken, Historia Crit. Oratt. Graec. (Opusc. I. p. 326). Ruhnken, as Sluiter points out, borrows largely from Valekenär's dissertation (see above), which had appeared 12 years before.

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