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2 Francken (Commentationes Lysiacae, pp. 5—7) thinks it doubtful whether by the ἠθοποιΐα of Lysias Dionysios meant the appropriate delineation of each several character, or the attribution to all characters alike of a certain attractive simplicity. Francken inclines to the latter view. He refers to cases in which, as he thinks, Lysias has failed, or has not tried, to mark individual character, or in which the general stamp of simplicity is exaggerated. The appreciation of êthos depends much upon taste; it scarcely admits of argument. But it is clear to me what Dionysios, at least, meant by the ἠθοποιϊα of Lysias. He meant the appropriate delineation of each several character. Surely he says so very plainly: De Lys. c. 8 οὐ γὰρ διανοουμένους μόνον ὑποτίθεται χρηστὰ καὶ ἐπιεικῆ καὶ μέτρια τοὺς λέγοντας, ὥστε εἰκόνας εἶναι δοκεῖν τῶν ἠθῶν τοὺς λόγους ἀλλὰ καὶ τὴν λέξιν ἀποδίδωσι τοῖς ἤθεσιν οἰκείαν. Cf. K. O. Müller, Hist. Gr. Lit. II. p. 143 (tr. Donaldson):—‘Lysias distinguished, with the accuracy of a dramatist, between the different characters into whose mouths he put his speeches, and made everyone, the young and the old, the rich and the poor, the educated and the uneducated, speak according to his quality and condition: this is what the ancient critics praise under the name of his Êthopoiia. The prevalent tone, however, was that of the average man.’
3 De sacra Olea §§ 1—3, 30.
4 De Aristoph. bonis §§ 18— 23, 55—64.
5 In Diogeit. §§ 1—3, 12—17.
7 Pro Mantith. §§ 20, 21.
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