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1 The case for, and the case against, the authenticity of the Epitaphios are well argued in two essays—(1) Lysias Epitaphios als echt erwiesen, by Dr Le Beau, Stuttgart, 1863; (2) De Epitaphio Lysiae Oratori falso tributo, by H. Eckert, Berlin [1865?] Le Beau's able essay is clear and admirably thorough, but defends a hopeless cause: Eckert's is a full re-statement, in reply to Le Beau, of the arguments against the genuineness.
2 Cf. Thuc. II. 34, ἀνὴρ ᾑρημένος ὑπὸ τῆς πόλεως ὃς ἂν γνώμῃ τε δοκῇ μὴ ἀξύνετος εἶναι καὶ ἀξιώσει προήκῃ. A third hypothesis has been advanced by Le Beau (pp. 37 ff.)— that the oration was written by Lysias to be spoken by the Archon Polemarch at one of the annual commemorations of citizens who had died during the past year; but Eckert maintains that such annual commemorations were not instituted before the time of Alexander (pp. 6 ff.).
4 Arist. Rhet. III. 10 καὶ οἷον ἐν τῷ ἐπιταφίῳ, διότι ἄξιον ἦν ἐπὶ τῷ τάφῳ τῷ τῶν ἐν Σαλαμῖνι τελευτησάντων κείρασθαι τὴν Ἑλλάδα, κ.τ.λ. The passage occurs in nearly the same words in § 60 of our Epitaphios.
5 Eckert, in the essay referred to above, examines at length (pp. 19—48) the arrangement (τάξις), ‘invention’ (εὕρεσις), and diction (λέξις) of the speech, and shows how thoroughly each is foreign to the manner of Lysias. It has not been judged necessary here to follow his analysis into details. The broad impression left upon the mind by the speech as a whole will be enough for most readers. As Dobree said—‘Lysias in genere epideictico quantumvis plenus et diffluens; nugax, salebrosus, indigestus nunquam esse potuit.’ (Advers. I. p. 15.)
6 Cf. Panegyr. § 72, with Epitaph. § 9 Pan. § 88 with E. § 29: Pan. § 115 with E. § 59; &c. ‘Illic’ (i.e. in the Panegyrikos), says Dobree, ‘summum oratorem videas, hic nugacem compilatorem.’
7 Aristotle's Rhetoric having been written probably during his second residence at Athens, 335— 323 B. C.: see Grote's Aristotle, I. 34.
8 ‘Sermone utitur sat bene Graeco atque Attico, et in universum spectanti non videtur in sermonis puritatem et verborum delectum admodum peccasse’ (Dobree Adv. p. 14). Cf. Eckert, p. 52.
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