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Dardanidas, Greek accusative of 3rd declension, R. § 170. signa . . . amplexas. Cf. Virg. Aen.II. 517, “divom amplexae simulacra”. The perfect participle describes the state, the effort towards which would be expressed by the imperfect participle amplectentes, as in VI. 100, where Cinyras strives to embrace his daughters who have been turned to stone, “gradus templi, natarum membra suarum, amplectens”. Instances in which the action of the perfect participle is not past in reference to the action of the verb, are not rare. They are most commonly recognised in deponent verbs where English represents them by a present participle. See Key, Lat. Gr. § 1273, and compare the use of operatus in Hor. C. III. xiv. 6, Virg. Georg.I. 339, feriatus (‘keeping holiday’), Hor. C. IV. vi. 14, solatus, Virg. Georg.I. 293, Virg. Aen.V. 708, ususVirg. Aen., 657Virg. Aen., XIV. 546, vectusVirg. Aen., V. 360, invectusVirg. Aen., XIV. 538, Virg. Aen.I. 155, blanditusVirg. Aen., VI. 440Virg. Aen., XIV. 705.For passives cf. actus, Liv.i. XII. 3, relictus, ib. XXXIV. 2, caesus, id. II. xxxvi. 1. Other references and a discussion of similar usages in the participles generally may be found in Wagner's Quaestiones Virgilianae, xxix.
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