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pater, a common salutation to gods, as mater to goddesses (cf. 588 n.). So Bacchus is called, XI. 132, Lenaeus pater, IV. 15, Eleleus parens, Ars Amat. I. 567, Nyctelius pater. In this sense, and not merely in that of pater patriae, the term is applied to Augustus, Ars Amat. I. 203, Marsque pater Caesarque pater, date numen eunti, nam deus e vobis alter es, alter eris (where the second line explains the application of the same title to Augustus as to Mars), Ex Pont. IV. xiii. 25.

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