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sumpta fuerant. As pocula no doubt refers to the cup just given by Circe, this is used for sumpta erant (pluperfect of state for pluperfect of act, Roby, § 1453, R. § 590), what Mr. Postgate calls a ‘double-loaded’ pluperfect (Select Elegies of Propertius, p. cxiii.). The same use may be noticed with adjectives, as in IV. 551, quae praecipue fuerat pia. The effect is to place the past in stronger antithesis to the present.

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