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Euandri. According to the tradition as given byP 2Dionysius and Livy (i. V. 2) Evander, son of Hermes, led a colony from Pallantium in Arcadia about sixty years before the Trojan war into Italy, where he built a new Pallantium on what was afterwards known as the Palatine. Virgil represents Evander as living at the time of Aeneas' arrival in Italy, seven years after the fall of Troy, and giving Aeneas the help of his son Pallas with four hundred knights ( Aen.VIII. 514-9). The mother city Pallantium, where Pausanias saw the statues of Evander and Pallas, had great benefits conferred upon it by Antoninus Pius on account of its mythical connection with Rome. It is thought that the name and story of Evander arose from an interpretation of the name Faunus (connected with faveo, faustus: quidam Faunum appellatum volunt quem nos propitium dicimus, Servius on Virg. Aen.VIII. 314), and from the identification of the Italian deity with the Greek Pan.
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