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περὶ μὲν οὖν: an extended enumeration of details is often closed, in Greek, with a clause or sent. which sums them all up; and which is commonly introduced by μὲν οὖν or δή. Cf. the beginnings and endings of Xenophon's chapters.

αὐτὸς δέ: for the uses of the intensive pron., see G. 989; H. 680.— τί εὐσεβές, τί ἀσεβὲς κτλ.: Socrates sought to define his conceptions by examining opposed qualities, which accordingly are here arranged in pairs until πόλις is reached, when the opposition ceases. Since the question is as to the essential nature of each quality, εὐσεβές and the following adjs. are virtually abstract nouns. G. 933; H. 621 b (Rem.).— τοὺς εἰδότας κτλ.: quas res qui scirent honestos esse arbitrabatur. To Socrates, the proper study of mankind was man. In his view the expression καλοὺς κἀγαθούς contained the idea of men of culture, viros liberaliter institutos; while ἀνδραποδώδεις servile conveyed the opposite meaning. Other Greeks (than Socrates) often used καλοὶ κἀγαθοί in a political sense, like optimates.

ἂν κεκλῆσθαι: equivalent to pf. opt. in direct discourse. See on ἂν κινηθῆναι 14.

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