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διό [διὰ ὅ]: for which reason. ὡς ὁμιλίαν οὖσαν: for the acc. abs., see on ὡς προσημαίνοντος i. 1. 4, and G. 1570; H. 974.—ἐσθλῶν κτλ.: these verses, forming an elegiac distich, are from Theognis, a gnomic poet of Megara, who flourished about 530 B.C., and are Nos. 35 and 36 of his 1400 extant verses; for which, see Bergk's Anthologia Lyrica and Poetae Lyrici Graeci. The sympathies and tendencies of Theognis were all aristocratic; his ἐσθλοί were the nobles, and his κακοί the common people: but his sententious wisdom lent itself readily to quotation, and his poetry was popular in Attica. This couplet is quoted by Socrates (Sym. ii. 4) in answer to the question as to whence καλοκἀγαθία could be learned; and again (Plato Meno 95 D) as proof that virtue can be learned. For the meter, see G. 1670, 1671; H. 1101.—αὐτὰρ ἀνὴρ κτλ.: the author of this verse is unknown. It is quoted by Plato (Prot. 344 D) in confirmation of the assertion τῷ μὲν γὰρ ἐσθλῷ ἐγχωρεῖ κακῷ γενέσθαι for it is possible for the good man to become a wicked one.
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