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49-55. Socrates had no desire to disturb the relations of children with parents, or of kindred to one another. But he recognized how external and material these relations remain in the case of many; while in other affairs little value is assigned to the material unless inspired by a soul: and he set himself, accordingly, to give to the relations of kinsfolk a moral content and a firmer basis, by the aid of mutual forbearance and assistance.

49. κατήγορος: see on 9.

προπηλακίζειν ἐδίδασκε: in Ar. Clouds 1321 ff., Phidippides strikes his father, and argues that he has the right to do so.

αὐτῷ: for the use of αὐτός in its oblique cases as a refl. pron., see G. 992; H. 684 a. Cf. τοὺς ὁμιλοῦντας αὐτῷ iv. 7. 1.

τῆς παρανοίας ἑλόντι: if one convicted (his father) of dementia. For the gen., see G. 1121; H. 745. The reference is to the legally authorized complaint παρανοίας, as it was brought, e.g., against Sophocles by his sons. Cf. οἴμοι, τί δράσω παραφρονοῦντος τοῦ πατρός; | πότερον παρανοίας αὐτὸν εἰσαγαγὼν ἕλω, | τοῖς σοροπηγοῖς τὴν μανίαν αὐτοῦ φράσω; (or inform the coffin-makers of his insanity) Ar. Clouds 844 ff. The accuser charged Socrates with using the existence of this law as an argument that the ignorant could always be legally imprisoned by the more learned.

καὶ τὸν πατέρα: even his father.

τεκμηρίῳ: as an indication, pred. appos. with τούτῳ. G. 916; H. 777 a.

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