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οὔκουν: nonne igitur. For the distinction between οὔκουν and οὐκοῦν, see on ii.1.3.

ἐπ᾽ ὠφελείᾳ προσθεῖναι αὐτοῖς: bestowed upon them for a useful purpose.

δἰ ὧν αἰσθάνονται ἕκαστα: the organs through which they perceive different objects. For the omission of the antec., see on i.2.19.

ὀφθαλμούς, ὦτα: for the partitive appos., see on i.2.60.

ὀσμῶν: subjective gen. with ὄφελος. G. 1085, 2; H. 729 b.

γὲ μήν: further, employed here to avoid the monotony of a too frequent repetition of δέ.

εἰ μὴ προσετέθησαν: for the supposition contrary to fact, see G. 1397; H. 895.

ὄφελος: for defective nouns, see G. 289; H. 215 b.

τῶν διὰ στόματος ἡδέων: “things pleasant to the taste.”

γνώμων: a critic (not to be confused with γνωμῶν). Cf. Eng. ‘gnomon’ of a sundial. For the pred. nom., see G. 907; H. 614.

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