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τὸν πρεσβύτατον: acc. to Suidas (s.v. Σωκράτης), the two other sons of Socrates, Sophroniscus and Menexenus, were by Myrto, a second wife. But Plato (Phaedo 60 A), in the well-known prison- and deathscene, describes Xanthippe as sitting beside Socrates with their child (παιδίον). Cf. also ibid. 116 B. Perhaps Myrto was his first wife; but there is no contemporary evidence for more than one, and that one Xanthippe. On the violent temper of Xanthippe, cf. χρῇ (you are provided with) γυναικὶ τῶν οὐσῶν, οἶμαι δὲ καὶ τῶν γεγενημένων καὶ τῶν ἐσομένων, χαλεπωτάτῃ Sym. ii. 10. They were an ill-assorted couple, and each had doubtless much to complain of.

τοὺς τί ποιοῦντας, ἀποκαλοῦσιν: i.e. τί ποιοῦσιν οὗτοι, οὓς τὸ ὄνομα τοῦτο καλοῦσιν; For the interr. depending on a participle or other dependent word, cf. i.4.14; i. 3. 10; An. iii.1.14

τοὺς εὖ παθόντας: those who have received favors. Cf. ἀνθ᾽ ὧν εὖ ἔπαθον ὑπ̓ ἐκείνου An. i.3.4

οὐκοῦν: as in ii. 1. 2.

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