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Ἀπολλόδωρον: one of the most devoted companions of Socrates, mentioned by Plato as present both at the trial (Apol. 34A) and at the death scene in the cell (Phaedo 117 D), where his almost hysterical grief was rebuked by the philosopher.

Ἀντισθένην: see on ii.5.1.

Κέβητα καὶ Σιμμίαν: see on i.2.48. These, as well as Antisthenes and Apollodorus, were present at the death of Socrates.

ἰύγγων: magic wheels. The ἴυγξ was a small bird (Lat. torquilla, Fr. torcou, Ger. Wendehals, Eng. ‘wryneck’), which, when bound to a revolving wheel, was supposed by its motions to influence the affections; hence its name was applied to the wheel.

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