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τὴν τῶν θεῶν κρίσιν: the decision between the deities. θεῶν is objective genitive. The reference is to the contest between Athena and Poseidon for the sovereignty of Attica, which was decided by Cecrops, legendary king of Athens. Cf. Apollodorus iii. 14. The legend formed the subject of the sculptures in the west pediment of the Parthenon.

οἱ περὶ Κέκροπα: seems to indicate Cecrops himself and the tribunal over which he presided. Cf. τοὺς ἀμφὶ Θράσυλλον i. 1. 18.

Ἐρεχθέως: another legendary hero and king of Attica, who shared with Athena the honor of a temple (the Erechtheum) on the Acropolis.

τροφὴν καὶ γένεσιν: for the ‘hysteron proteron,’ by which the more important or obvious action is mentioned before another which preceded it in order of time, cf. ἅμα τράφεν ἠδὲ γένοντο Hom. A 251, ‘For I was bred and born | not three hours' travel from this very place.’ Shak. Twelfth Night i. 2, and “moriamur, et in media arma ruamus,Virgil Aen. ii. 353.

ἐπ᾽ ἐκείνου: in his reign.

πρὸς τοὺς ... πάσης: in very early times the Thracians were said to have occupied the country as far as the borders of Attica, and to have been repulsed from Athens by Erechtheus.

τὸν ἐφ᾽ Ἡρακλειδῶν: the sons of Heracles sought and obtained aid from Athens against Eurystheus.

τοὺς ἐπὶ Θησέως πολεμηθέντας (sc. πολέμους): i.e. the wars against the Amazons and Thracians. For these legendary events, cf. Isoc. iv. 65, 68; Hdt. ix. 27; Thuc. ii. 15.

τῶν καθ᾽ ἑαυτούς: the men of their day. Cf. the eulogy on Athenian achievements in Plato Menex. 239 B ff.

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