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οὐκοῦν: see on ii.1.2.—ὅτι πλήθει κτλ.: the population of Attica (including slaves) was prob. not more than half a million; that of the Boeotian confederacy considerably less. As every free citizen of Attica was a citizen of Athens, the comparison of Ἀθηναῖοι with Βοιωτῶν is a proper one. Athens and Attica were politically identical; not so Thebes and Boeotia.

σώματα ἀγαθὰ καὶ καλά: “sturdy, fine-looking men.”

ἂν ἐκλεχθῆναι: could be picked out. For the inf. with ἄν, see G. 1308; H. 964. The 2 aor. pass. -λεγῆναι is more common in Attic.

ταύτῃ: in this respect. For the dat., see G. 1182; H. 780.

δοκοῦσι λείπεσθαι: sc. οἱ Ἀθηναῖοι τῶν Βοιωτῶν.

ἑαυτοῖς: inter se among themselves. Cf. φθονοῦσιν ἑαυτοῖς 16, and see on ii.6.20.

Ἀθήνησι: for the locative, see G. 296; H. 220.

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