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μέχρι τῆς ἐλαφρᾶς ἡλικίας: so long as they are of the active age, i.e. from 18 to 20. The Athenian youth of this age served in the army as περίπολοι, a kind of home guard, or constabulary force, to serve only in Attica.

ὡπλισμένους, κατέχοντας: equivalent to εἰ ὡπλισμένοι εἶεν, εἰ κατέχοιεν, serving as prots. to ἂν (before οἴει) εἶναι, κατεσκευάσθαι. For the circumstantial participle of cond., see on πιστεύων i. 1. 5.

προβολὴν κατεσκευάσθαι: form a rampart.

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