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ἀληθῆ: for the pred. adj., see G. 919; H. 614. ἀφ᾽ οὗ: i.e. ἀπὸ τοῦ χρόνου, ἐν ᾧ. ἐν Λεβαδείᾳ: by the victory of Oenophyta (456 B.C.), the Athenians gained complete ascendency over the Boeotian towns, and established in them democratic forms of government. Many of the banished oligarchs banded together, raised an army, and, in 447 B.C., inflicted an overwhelming defeat on the Athenian army under Tolmides, who lost his life in the battle. The conflict took place between Lebadēa and Coronēa in Boeotia, and is usually known as the battle of Coronēa. Cf. Thuc. i. 108, 113, and see Grote, Hist. of Greece, c. xlv. ἐπὶ Δηλίῳ: not ἐν Δηλίῳ, as at that time (424 B.C.) Delium was only an enclosure and temple sacred to Apollo, near Orōpus on the Boeotian frontier. Cf. Plato Apol. 28E. In this battle the Athenian general was defeated and slain. Socrates is said to have shown great gallantry in the retreat which ensued. See Introd. 2, 61. ἐκ τούτων: since these events, repeats ἀφ̓ οὗ. πρὸς τοὺς Βοιωτούς: see on πρὸς ἑαυτόν i. 2. 52. ἐν τῇ ἑαυτῶν: sc. χώρᾳ. οἱ τολμῶντες: rel., who ventured. The participle is ‘imperfect.’ See G. 1289; H. 856 a. So πορθοῦντες below.
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