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μαθήσει καὶ μελέτῃ: cf. ii.6.39.

πρὸς ἀνδρείαν: as regards courage.

Σκύθαι καὶ Θρᾷκες: races often cited by Greek writers as examples of half-savage daring. “Yet even these, brave as they are, would scarce venture to fight with shield and spear against the veteran infantry of Lacedaemon.” Cf. the story of David in Saul's armor, 1 Sam. xvii. 39.

τολμήσειαν: for the potential opt., see G. 1328; H. 872.

διαμάχεσθαι: to fight it out.

οὔτ᾽ ἄν, ἐθέλοιεν ἄν: for the repetition of the particle, see on i.4.14.

πέλταις: Thracian peltasts formed a considerable part of the army of Cyrus the Younger. Cf. An. i. 2. 9.

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