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μανίαν: in accordance with the definition of Socrates, madness (μανία, insania) is logically opposed to wisdom (σοφία, sapientia), and hence is ignorance of one's own strength and weakness; wisdom being distinguished by its knowledge of these. But people in general give the name of madness to the ignorance of other things. Cf. the vagaries of μαινόμενοι as described in i. 1. 14.

γὲ μήν: as in iii. 8. 10.

οἶδε: the subj. (τὶς) is to be supplied from the subj. (τινά) of the infs. ἀγνοεῖν etc.

ἐγγυτάτω: for the adv. as pred., cf. i.6.10.

τοὺς μέντοι πολλούς: subj. of φάσκειν and καλεῖν.

... ἀγνοοῦσι: rel. clause preceding its grammatical antec. τούτων.

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