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ἔξω τοῦ πράγματος] ἔξω for ἐκτός. Lobeck, Phryn. p. 128.

τὰ ἔξω τοῦ πράγματος τεχνολογοῦσιν] infra § 11; comp. de Anima I 3, 406 b 26 καὶ Τίμαιος (Plato, in the Timaeus) φυσιολογεῖ τὴν ψυχὴν κινεῖν τὸ σῶμα.

διορίζειν] to separate by a limit or boundary line. Herodot. IV 42 διουρισάντων Ἀσίην τε καὶ Λιβύην. Hence to separate a thing from others, to mark off as a special province or domain, and so of ‘the definition’, which includes all that is essential to, or characteristic of, the thing defined, and excludes everything else. The word here of course means something more than a bare definition; it expresses the limitation or ‘determination’ of the proper contents of the προοίμιον.

ἔντεχνοι πίστεις] are the regular systematic proofs by enthymeme and example, the σῶμα τῆς πίστεως § 3, and opposed here, not merely to the ἄτεχνοι πίστεις of c. 15, the witnesses, documents, torture, oaths and such like, which we do not invent, but find ready to our hand to be employed in the support of our case; but also to the irregular appeals to the feelings (πάθος), and to evidence from character (ἦθος).

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