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‘And those that have the prospect of, anticipate, a merciful construction being put on their act by the judges’. On ἐπιείκεια, see I 13. 13, and Introd. on that passage, pp. 190—193. It is thus defined in Eth. Nic. V 14, 1137 b 12, δίκαιον μέν, οὐ τὸ κατὰ νόμον δέ, ἀλλ᾽ ἐπανόρθωμα νομίμου δικαίου, a rectification, supply of the deficiencies, of the strict letter of the law, legal justice, ᾗ ἐλλείπει διὰ τὸ καθόλου, Ib. V 27, ὁ μὴ ἀκριβοδίκαιος ἐπὶ τὸ χεῖρον, ἀλλ᾽ ἐλαττωτικός, 1138. 1. Soph. Oed. Col. 1127 (Oedipus), ἐπεὶ τό γ᾽ εὐσεβεῖ μόνοις παῤ ὑμῖν εὗρον ἀνθρώπων ἐγὼ καὶ τοὐπιεικές, milde gesinnung, humanität, gegenüber starrem recht, Schneidewin ad loc. Soph. Fragm. Inc. 699 (709, Dind.) δαίμονα, ὃς οὔτε τἀπιεικὲς οὔτε τὴν χάριν οἶδεν, μόνην δ᾽ ἔστερξε τὴν ἁπλῶς δίκην. ‘Any deficiency which a man feels may incline him to commit wrong —for the purpose of supplying it. Such deficiency is of two kinds; either deficiency in what is necessary, as poverty, or in some excess, as wealth’. Rich men often feel a craving for something over and above their wealth, something superfluous, as power, honour, license. Thuc. III 45. 4 reads like a commentary on this topic, ἀλλ᾽ ἡ μὲν πενία ἀνάγκῃ τὴν τόλμαν παρέχουσα, ἡ δ̓ ἐξουσία ὕβρει τὴν πλεονεξίαν καὶ φρονήματι ‘great resources and the consequent license breed the grasping spirit (their natural progeny, τήν) by insolence and pride’. Comp. also Pol. II 7, quoted in § 17.
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