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Victorius observes that we here enter upon a new division of the chapter. The analysis has been hitherto confined to persons prone to wrong and liable to wrong: it is now applied to certain classes of things or circumstances which increase the liability to wrong. These are kinds of ἀδικήματα. It is in fact a transition to the subject of the next chapter. Such are offences of very common occurrence; men are tempted to commit such because they think they shall meet with indulgence: people have become so familiar with the offence by constant association (συνηθείᾳ) that it has lost its repulsive character; and also they may argue that if ‘all or many’ are guilty of it, it must be a human infirmity, and being a natural defect is hardly to be called a vice.

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