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Another class of cases in which men are disposed to do wrong, and think wrong deeds possible, is where the profit likely to accrue is evident, or certain (patent to all, free from all doubt or obscurity), or great, or immediate; and the penalties to which they are liable small, or obscure and uncertain (not such as to attract attention, and so deter from the intended wrong; quae obscurae admodum et caecae sunt ut perspici nequeant: Victorius), or remote.

Or again, where no possible punishment is equal to the prospective benefit; as is supposed (δοκεῖ) to be the case with absolute sovereignty or tyranny. On τυραννίς, and the distinction between it and μοναρχία, see note on I 8. 4 and 5, p. 155.

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