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‘But if the contract or document be opposed to us, and (on the side) of the adverse party, first of all, the same arguments are suitable as may be used in contending against an adverse law’. ἅπερ is a cognate accusative extended by analogy from the direct cogn. acc. ἥνπερ μάχην μάχέσαιτο, for which the neuter plural, expressing the details of the contention, or the arguments employed in it, is substituted. ‘For it is absurd to suppose that we are not bound to obey the laws, if their constitution is defective and the framers of them have been led into error, and yet that (in like cases) contracts are necessarily binding (that it is necessary to obey or observe them)’. [For κείμενοι...τιθέμενοι compare note on I 1. 7, p. 10. S.]

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