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περὶ ὅρκων...διελεῖν] On περί, and other prepositions, redundant in the later Greek writers, see note on 1 9. 14, ‘oaths admit of a fourfold division’.

On oaths, see the corresponding chapter of Quintilian, V 6. Rhet. ad Alex. c. 17 (18). A full explanation of the connexion and general meaning of this and the following sections to the end of the Chapter will be found in the Introd. pp. 202—205, to which the reader is referred; so that we may confine ourselves here as before to the details that require notice. One puzzling circumstance which pervades this Chapter, tending to confusion, and adding to the difficulties arising from the extreme brevity of the expression (‘brevis esse laborat obscurus fit’, is especially true of Aristotle here, as indeed in most of his writings,) it may be worth while to draw attention to; and that is, that throughout it both plaintiff and defendant are made to argue in the third person; to avoid this, you may may be substituted for Aristotle's he to designate the person who is in immediate possession of the argument, whichever side of the case he may be at the time maintaining.

On the technical expressions belonging to ὅρκοι, see note in Introd. p. 202, διδόναι ὅρκον, in Aristotle and the Orators, is to offer or tender an oath, λαμβάνειν (or δέχεσθαι, in the Orators), to accept, or take it.

εἰ ὀμώμοσται οὗτος] ‘when this (the oath above mentioned) has been already taken by one or other of the two parties’. ὀμώμοσται here is represented by γεγενημένος in § 32.

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