previous next


With ὅτι here, and in the following topics, λεκτέον or something similar must be supplied from χρηστέον, §§ 3—4.

τὸ γνώμῃ τῇ ἀρίστῃ] Supply κρίνειν or δικάζειν; the former is expressed in Rhet. II 25. 10, τὸ γνώμῃ τῇ ἀρίστῃ κρίνειν. This was the dicasts' oath, taken when they entered the court. The usual form was γνώμῃ τῇ δικαιοτάτῃ. Dem. c. Aristocr. 652 sub fin. γνώμῃ τῇ δικαιοτάτῃ δικάσειν ὀμωμόκασιν (οἱ δικασταί), δὲ τῆς γνώμης δόξα ἀφ᾽ ὧν ἂν ἀκούσωσι παρίσταται... πᾶς γὰρ μήτε δἰ ἔχθραν μήτε δἰ εὔνοιαν μήτε δἰ ἄλλην ἄδικον πρόφασιν μηδεμίαν, παῤ γιγνώσκει, θέμενος τὴν ψῆφον εὐσεβεῖ...ἀλλ̓ εἴ τις εἰδὼς ἐκείνους προδέδωκεν ἐξαπατᾷ, οὗτος ἐστ̓ ἔνοχος τῇ ἀρᾷ: c. Boeot. de Nom. 1006. 27, ἀλλὰ μὴν ὧν γ᾽ ἂν μὴ ὦσι νόμοι γνώμῃ τῇ δικαιοτάτῃ δικάσειν ὀμωμόκατε. adv. Lept. 493. I. Ar. Pol. III 16, 1287 a 25, ἀλλὰ μὴν ὅσα γε μὴ δοκεῖ δύνασθαι διορίζειν νόμος, οὐδ᾽ ἄνθρωπος ἂν δύναιτο γνωρίζειν. ἀλλ̓ ἐπιτηδὲς παιδεύσας νόμος ἐφίστησι τὰ λοιπὰ τῇ δικαιοτάτῃ γνώμῃ κρίνειν καὶ διοικεῖν τοὺς ἄρχοντας, which explains the meaning and object of the oath.

The form of the oath is found in Pollux VIII 10 [ δ᾽ ὅρκος ἦν τῶν δικαστῶν περὶ μὲν ὧν νόμοι εἰσί, ψηφιεῖσθαι κατὰ τοὺς νόμους, περὶ δὲ ὧν μὴ εἰσί, γνώμῃ τῇ δικαιοτάτῃ]; see Meier & Schömann, Attischer Process, p. 128; comp. p. 135.

τὸ μὴ παντελῶς χρῆσθαι τοῖς γεγραμμένοις] The meaning of the oath is, ‘that the judges are not to employ, i. e. to enforce, to its full extent, in its strict and literal interpretation, the rigour of the written statute’.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: