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κατειλημμένας] ‘fixed, established, settled’. καταλαμβάνειν is ‘to lay hold of, to get into one's possession’, or ‘to occupy’, as an army occupies a conquered city or country. See the Lexicon for examples of this, the primary sense of the word. Thence it passes into the signification of ‘binding’ as by an oath, Herod. IX. 106, πίστι τε καταλαβόντες καὶ ὁρκίοισι ἐμμένειν τε καὶ μὴ ἀποστήσεσθαι. Thuc. V 21 (σπονδὰς) εὗρον κατειλημμένας (settled or concluded, ‘confirmed’, Schol. ἰσχυράς) VIII 63, 3, τὰ ἐν αὐτῷ τῷ στρατεύματι ἔτι βεβαιότερον κατέλαβον (they secured, established or confirmed their interest in the army, Arnold). Plat. Legg. VII 23, 823 A, τὰ ταῖς ζημίαις ὑπὸ νόμων κατειλημμένα (comprehensa et firmata, Stallbaum). Arist. Pol. IV (VII) 2, 1324 b 21, τὰ μὲν νόμοις κατειλημμένα τὰ δὲ ἔθεσιν, (fest gesetzt, Stahr). Eth. Nic. X. 10, 1179 b 18, τὰ ἐκ παλαιοῦ τοῖς ἤθεσι κατειλημμένα λόγῳ μεταστῆσαι.

τοὺς ἀκροατάς] should be omitted, with Muretus, Vater, and Spengel. The ‘oversight’ in question applies only to the rhetoricians, not to the audience.

καὶ μᾶλλον ἁπτόμενοι κατὰ τρόπον μεταβαίνουσιν ἐξ αὐτῶν] μᾶλλον belongs to ἁπτόμενοι and μεταβαίνουσιν, “the more they handle their subject according to the ‘appropriate method’, the more they pass out of, or stray beyond, transgress the limits of, the true province of Rhetoric”. κατὰ τρόπον is equivalent or nearly so to δεόντως, ‘duly’, ‘in the right and proper way’; and is often found in Plato opposed to ἀπὸ τρόπου. πόῤῥω τοῦ καθήκοντος, Schol. ad Theaet. 143 C. Gaisford from Steph. Thesaurus supplies examples from Plato and Isocrates, and others will be found in Stallbaum's note on Rep. V 16, 470 B. δεόντως itself appears in three MSS after τρόπον, being doubtless, as Gaisford supposes, a gloss on the preceding. I have followed Mr Poste, Introd. to Transl. of Post. Anal. p. 20, n. 3, in translating κατὰ τρόπον, ‘the appropriate method’, ‘in the right way, or in due order’, and it may very well bear that meaning. It will therefore be equivalent to κατὰ τὴν οἰκείαν μέθοδον, the method which confines itself to the peculiar principles, the ἰδίαι or οἰκεῖαι ἀρχαί, of the special science which it investigates. μᾶλλον ἁπτόμενοι κατὰ τρόπον is equivalent to, and explained by, ὅσῳ τις ἂν βέλτιον ἐκλέγηται τὰς προτάσεις, near the end of the next section, § 21; and the ἀρχαί, which are spoken of immediately afterwards, ἂν γὰρ ἐντύχῃ ἀρχαῖς, are the ἴδιαι ἀρχαί, the special principles of each particular science above mentioned. Dialectics and Rhetoric have no such special principles, and their method is the ‘inappropriate’. Gaisford follows Muretus in inserting before κατὰ τρόπον ‘by handling them too properly’. The other interpretation seems preferable in itself, and requires no alteration. μεταβαίνειν is μεταβαίνειν εἰς ἄλλο γένος, technically used of passing from one science to another, and illicitly transferring its appropriate principles. Comp. I 4, 6. See Poste, u.s. p. 51, note 1, for examples from the Organon. Add Top. Θ 11, 161 a 33. Anal. Post. I 7 treats of this subject.

On κοιναὶ and οἰκεῖαι ἀρχαί see Introd. p. 73 note and the references there given.

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