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The argument of this and the two following sections of this chapter will be found in a more connected shape in the paraphrase of the Introd. pp. 171—2. The sum of it is simply this: each of the two kinds of τόποι is equally necessary in all the three branches of Rhetoric; (1) the εἴδη, or ἴδιοι τόποι, or ἴδια, from which the rhetorical propositions or premisses, the εἰκότα, σημεῖα, and τεκμήρια are necessarily derived, § 7: and (2) the four κοινοὶ τόποι, here apparently reduced to three, the possible and impossible', ‘fact past and future’, and ‘the great and small (the topic of magnitude or importance) either (1) absolute or (2) comparative (degree)’. §§ 8, 9.

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