previous next

ὅσαπρὸ ἔργου μέν ἐστι διελεῖν, ἔτι δ᾽ ὑπολείπει σκέψιν] Another case of grammatical irregularity and of the ‘figure’ ζεῦγμα. ὅσα in the first clause is the accus. after διελεῖν: in the second it must be repeated, as the nomin. to ὑπολείπει.—On πρὸ ἔργου, see supr. c. I § 10 p. 17.

σχεδὸν γάρ, περὶ ὧν βουλεύονται πάντες κ.τ.λ.] The unaccountable difference between the list here given of the principal subjects of Politics with which the deliberative or public speaker will have to deal, viz. (1) πόροι, supplies, ways and means, revenue, finance; (2) war and peace (possibly including alliances); (3) the defence of the country; (4) exports and imports (commerce, trade); and (5) legislation; with that which is found in Polit. VI<*>IV), 4, has been already pointed out in the Introd. p. 176. In the corresponding chapter of the Rhet. ad Alex. 2 (3 Oxf.) § 2, we have seven such subjects enumerated: religion, περὶ ἱερῶν; legislation, περὶ νόμων, (νόμων συμφερόντων θέσεις, Dem. de Cor. § 309, in a parallel passage); the constitution of the state (περὶ τῆς πολιτικῆς κατασκευῆς); alliances and commercial treaties (συμβολαίων) with foreign nations; war; peace; and revenue (περὶ πόρου χρημάτων).

In Xenophon, Memor. III 6, a conversation is reported between Socrates and Glaucon, whom the former cross-examines on the subject of his political knowledge, with the view of shewing him that he is not yet ripe for a statesman. The principal objects of a statesman's care there enumerated are, the πρόσοδοι, Aristotle's πόροι, the revenue: the state expenses, with the view of reducing them, τὰ ἀναλώματα: war, and the means of carrying it on: the enemy's forces, naval and military, and your own: the defence of the country, φυλακὴ τῆς χώρας: mines, and the supply of silver (this is from the Athenian point of view): and the supply of corn and other food. These details, and in the same order, are all, with the exception of the mines in Aristotle, and the legislation in Xenophon, enumerated by Aristotle in the following sections, 8—11, so that Gaisford may possibly be right in his suspicion, ‘respexit fortasse Aristoteles Xenophontis Mem. III 6.’

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: