previous next


ὡς δὲ καθ᾽ ἓν εἰπεῖν] ‘to describe good things singly’, in detail, by an enumeration of particular kinds of good.

εὐδαιμονία] happiness, the universal τέλος, aim and end of life and action. See especially Eth. Nic. I 5, where happiness is defined by its three principal characteristics; it must be τέλειον, αὔταρκες, τὸ τῶν πρακτῶν τέλος. These same characteristics appear in the definition here given in the Rhetoric: τέλειον corresponds to τὸ καθ᾽ αὑτὸ αἱρετόν, its perfection or completeness being chiefly shewn in its desirability for its own sake. Eth. N. I 5, 1097 b 31, τελειότερον δὲ λέγομεν τὸ καθ᾽ αὑτὸ διωκτὸν τοῦ δἰ ἕτερον, καὶ τὸ μηδέποτε δἰ ἄλλο αἱρετὸν τῶν καὶ καθ̓ αὑτὰ καὶ διὰ τοῦθ̓ αἱρετῶν, καὶ ἁπλῶς δὴ τέλειον τὸ καθ̓ αὑτὸ αἱρετὸν ἀεὶ καὶ μηδέποτε δἰ ἄλλο. τοιοῦτον δ̓ εὐδαιμονία μάλιστ̓ εἶναι δοκεῖ: ταύτην γὰρ αἱρούμεθα ἀεὶ δἰ αὑτὴν καὶ οὐδέποτε δἰ ἄλλο, τιμὴν δὲ καὶ ἡδονὴν καὶ νοῦν καὶ πᾶσαν ἀρετὴν αἱρούμεθα μὲν καὶ δἰ αὐτὰ...αἱρούμεθα δὲ καὶ τῆς εὐδαιμονίας χάριν, διὰ τούτων ὑπολαμβάνοντες εὐδαιμονήσειν. τὴν δ̓ εὐδαιμονίαν οὐδεὶς αἱρεῖται τούτων χάριν, οὐδ̓ ὅλως δἰ ἄλλο: note on c. 5 § I, p. 72. On αὐτάρκεια, the second characteristic of happiness, see c. 5 § 3, and note there, p. 74. The sentences of Eth. Nic. I 5, following those already quoted, are upon this same subject. The concluding summary of the contents of the chapter is, τέλειον δή τι φαίνεται καὶ αὔταρκες εὐδαιμονία, τῶν πρακτῶν οὖσα τέλος, which gives the third of the conditions in the Rhetoric. A precisely similar description of happiness is found in Eth. Nic. X, cc. 6 and 7.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: