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καὶ τὸ τοὺς ἐχθροὺς τιμωρεῖσθαι μᾶλλον] ‘and the heavier vengeance on, punishment of, one's enemies’ (μᾶλλον may be either to punish them in a higher degree, the more the better; or as contrasted with καταλλάττεσθαι, ‘rather than the reverse’), and ‘refusing to be reconciled, come to terms, with them’. The reason being, that ‘retaliatory’ or ‘reciprocal justice’ (note on § 7) requires this, and therefore it is right, and of course laudable; and also because ‘not to be beaten’ (an unyielding resolution) is a sign of a ‘manly character’. Comp. I 6. 26 (ἀγαθὰ) τὰ τοῖς ἐχθροῖς κακά, and § 29. This was a constant article of the popular morality, and is cited as such here: see, for instance, Xen. Mem. IV 2, 14 seq. Rhet. ad Alex. 1 (2), 13, 14. Again in Aristotle's Rhet. II 5. 5, Eur. Ion 1045—7, Med. 808, Cic. de Off. I 7. 2.

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