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μέρη ἀρετῆς] Comp. 5 § 9. The list of virtues here given differs from that in the Nic. Ethics II 7, and III 9—IV 15, in the following particulars. All the moral virtues from δικαιοσύνη to πρᾳότης inclusive appear in the Ethics, δικαιοσύνη being treated separately in Bk. V, and the two intellectual virtues of the speculative and practical parts of the intellect, φρόνησις practical wisdom, and σοφία speculative wisdom or philosophy, in Bk. VI. σοφία is omitted in the detailed explanation of the virtues, most likely because it has very little in common with Rhetoric, and would be useless to the rhetorician. πραότης, which in the Ethics is ranked, as well as here, amongst the virtues, which are there ἕξεις, here δυνάμεις, in the second book of the Rhetoric becomes a πάθος, so that it belongs to all the three divisions of our moral nature distinguished in Eth. Nic. II 4. The anonymous mean between φιλοτιμία and ἀφιλοτιμία is omitted in our list, as well as the three social virtues of an accomplished gentleman, viz. ἀλήθεια, εὐτραπελία, and φιλία, and also the two virtues of the πάθη, viz. αἰδώς and νέμεσις. No notice is taken here of ἐγκράτεια, the examination of which occupies the earlier part of Bk. VII, but this perhaps may be considered as an additional argument in favour of ascribing that book to Eudemus, which on all grounds is most probable.
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