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‘The kinds of good things which give occasion to envy have been already mentioned’ (that is, they may be inferred from the preceding enumeration of the classes of persons who are most liable to envy). τὰ μὲν ἀγαθά] according to Donaldson's rule, New. Crat. § 154 (see note on μὲν οὖν, II 9. 11), tacitly refers to a correlative clause τὰ δὲ ἄλλα κ.τ.λ., on the other occasions of envy, which has been forgotten and omitted. ‘For everything of which men covet the reputation, or of which they are ambitious—be they deeds done or possessions acquired— striving after fame (the credit of the achievements and acquirements), and every kind of good fortune (successes and acquirements due to fortune, and not, like the others, to a man's own exertions),—with all these, as one may say, envy is concerned; and most of all, the objects of our own aspirations, or whatever we think we have a right to ourselves, or things of which the acquisition confers a slight superiority or a slight inferiority’. A very great superiority or inferiority places a man beyond the reach of envy. It is when the competition is close, and the difference between the competitors small, that the apparent value of the good competed for is greatly enhanced, and the envy excited by the success of the opponent proportionately strong. σχεδόν] (1) ‘near at hand’, (2) ‘pretty nearly’, is familiarlyused, especially by Plato and Aristotle, to modify too general an assertion: signifying, that your words in the general expression that you have, inadvertently as it were, let fall, are not to be construed strictly and literally, but room must be left for possible exceptions; that the statement is pretty nearly exact, but not quite. Hence it becomes equivalent to ὡς εἰπεῖν, ὡς ἔπος εἰπεῖν, ‘as one may say’, ‘so to speak’, which similarly qualifies what may be an over-statement of the case, demanding a fair latitude of construction. Plato sometimes writes σχεδόν τι, Aristotle (I believe) rarely or never. [‘σχεδὸν δέ τι, Φυσικὴ ἀκρόασις, Θ 3, 253 b 6, sed τι om. codd. E F H K.’ Index Aristotelicus.]
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