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‘And fond as they are of honour, they are still fonder of victory: for youth is desirous of superiority, and victory is a kind of superiority’. The φιλοτιμία of youth seems to be represented in Horace's cupidus, A. P. 165, ‘desirous’, that is, of honour and glory; not, of course of money, covetous or avaricious. Comp. II 2. 6; and I 11. 14, 15, on the pleasures of victory in competitions of all kinds, founded on the natural desire of superiority which is an instinct of humanity. Victorius quotes Cic. de Fin. V 22. 61, (de pueris) Quanta studia decertantium sunt: quanta ipsa certamina: ut illi efferuntur laetitia cum vicerint, ut pudet victos:...quos illi labores non perferunt ut aequalium principes sint. ‘And both of these they are fonder of than of money: in fact for money they have no fondness at all (lit. in the very least degree), owing to their never yet having had experience of want; to which Pittacus' pithy saying (or ἀπόφθεγμα II 21. 8) of Amphiaraus is in point’. Until we know what the saying was—dictum hoc Pittaci intercidit, says Buhle—we cannot decide whether εἰς is to be interpreted ‘against’ Amphiaraus or merely applied or addressed ‘to’ him; [perhaps simply ‘on’; with ἀπόφθεγμα εἰς Ἀμφιάραον, compare in this sense Pindar, Ol. VI. 13, αἶνος, ὃν Ἄδραστος ἐς Ἀμφιάρηον φθέγξατο.]

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