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The characters that accompany wealth (the characteristics of wealth) lie on the surface within the view of all (lit. for all to see; ἐπιπολῆς ἅπασιν ὥστ᾽ αὐτοὺς ἰδεῖν αὐτά: comp. I 15. 22, and note there); for they are insolent, inclined to violence and outrage, and arrogant (in their conduct and bearing), being affected in some degree (their nature altered, the alteration for the worse regarded as a kind of suffering or affection) by the acquisition of wealth. These dispositions originate in the supposition that (in having wealth) they have every kind of good, all goods in one; for wealth is as it were a sort of standard of the value of everything else, and consequently it seems as if everything else were purchasable by it’.

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