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‘And in like manner also topics of censure are derived from the opposites of these, by considering what of the like (i. e. τὸ ἐναντίον, the opposite) nature actually belongs, or seems to belong, to them’ (the objects of the censure; things as well as men: see note in Cambr. Journal of Cl. and Sacred Phil., Vol. II., No. 5, p. 158), ‘as for instance, that they (the Athenians) reduced the Greeks to servitude and made slaves of the Aeginetans and Potidaeans, men that had shared in the fight and distinguished themselves against the barbarian (in the Persian invasion), and everything else of the like kind; and any other similar offence that can be alleged against (lit. belongs to) them’. On the treatment of the Aeginetans, see Thuc. II 27; and of the Potidaeans, Ib. c. 70. Against the charges brought against the Athenians of abusing their maritime supremacy, and oppressing their subject states, and other iniquities, Isocrates, Paneg. § 100 seq., defends them as well as he can: μετὰ δὲ ταῦτα ἤδη τινὲς ἡμῶν κατηγοροῦσιν, ὡς ἐπειδὴ τὴν ἀρχὴν τῆς θαλάττης παρελάβομεν πολλῶν κακῶν αἴτιοι τοῖς Ἕλλησι κατέστημεν, καὶ τόν τε Μηλίων ἀνδραποδισμὸν καὶ τὸν Σκιωναίων ὄλεθρον ἐν τούτοις τοῖς λόγοις ἡμῖν προφέρουσιν: κ.τ.λ. ‘And in like manner also, plaintiff and defendant (in a court of justice) derive their (arguments in) accusation and defence from the circumstances of the case, which they have to consider (take into account)’. τὰ ὑπάρχοντα are here the acts and facts alleged, the characters of the two parties, and such like. Schmidt, On the date of Aristotle's Rhet.’ p. 17, remarks on the three last sections, that the examples therein given would have been used by none but a resident at Athens, and go far to shew that the Rhetoric was written in that city.
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