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‘The kinds of friendship are, (1) companionship (the mere fact of being often together, implying no high degree of friendship—sodalitas eorum qui saepe una versantur, Schrader), (2) intimacy, familiarity, (constant and intimate, ‘domestic’, association, like that of members of the same family, οἰκειότης from οἶκος; a higher degree of friendship, confirmed by habit and long association), (3) actual relationship, and all other connexions, relations, of the like nature’. These are three degrees of association; and, ἐν κοινωνίᾳ πᾶσα φιλία ἐστί, Eth. N. VIII 14, init. The whole chapter is upon the various degrees and relations of friendship or love, of marriage, of parent and offspring, the several bonds of connexion, and the foundations of them. The same principle lies at the root of all, συνέχει τὸ κοινόν.

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