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‘In public, deliberative, speaking (the four forensic issues may be applied to its special subjects), it may be contended (against an opponent), (1) that the future facts alleged will not be (i. e. that the consequences which are assumed to result from the policy recommended will not take place); or admitting that, (2) that it will be unjust; or (3) inexpedient; or (4) that the amount and importance of them will not be so great as the other anticipates. (The principal attention of the speaker is of course to be directed to the point immediately in question,) but he must also be on the look out for any lurking fallacy or misstatement outside the main point or issue: for the one may be shewn necessarily to imply the other’. τεκμήριον, a necessary sign, or indication, I 2. 17. The construction is, ταῦτα φαίνεται τεκμήρια τῶν ἄλλων, ὅτι ψεύδεται ἐν αὐτοῖς.

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