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2. ἀξιῶ καὶ δέομαι: see note on § 4.6.

3. δικαίως belongs to ἀκοῦσαι, from which it is separated partly for emphasis, and partly to bring it directly before ὥσπερ. It cannot be taken with ἀπολογουμένου, as the laws (§ 2.3) have no reference to ἀπολογία, but require the judges to hear both sides impartially.

4. τιθεὶς ἐξ ἀρχῆς, i.e. the ori- ginal maker: νόμον τιθείς is used like νομοθέτης, for the lawgiver, whose title is perpetual.

5. δημοτικὸς, a friend of the people or of popular government: see Ar. Nub. 1187, Σόλων παλαιὸς ἦν φιλόδημος τὴν φύσιν.—οὐ μόνον...ὀμωμοκέναι: i.e. Solon thought that these provisions for an impartial hearing should have not merely the ordinary sanction which all laws have by enactment (τῷ γράψαι), but the further security which they gained by the judges swearing to uphold them. This double sanction was secured by enacting that these provisions of law should be a part of the Heliastic oath. γράφω, besides meaning to propose a law or decree, often refers to the enactment as a whole, as here.

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hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 2
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 4
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 1187
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